The Alice in Wonderland syndrome is a disorder or a syndrome-complex of hazy and distorted body image, time and space. It is a neurological disease that occurs due to a disturbance or interference in the signals sent to the brain from the eyes, hence, causing a distortion in one’s visual perception.

It is a disorienting and distorting neurological ailment that affects one’s perception. The patient may experience a distortion of his sensory (visual, auditory and touch) modalities.

A majority of patients having the disorder have a family history of migraine headaches or may suffer from migraine themselves.

The condition was first explained by the English psychiatrist John Todd in 1955; and he named it after Alice's Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll.

Alice in Wonderland Syndrome Causes

Not much is known about the Alice in Wonderland Syndrome; in fact not many health care practitioners know about the condition too. Alice in Wonderland Syndrome causes are quite ambiguous. Nonetheless, experts state that the commonest Alice in Wonderland Syndrome causes are:

• Classical migraine (aura, visual disturbances, one sided headaches, nausea and vomiting) is one of the most significant Alice in Wonderland Syndrome causes.

• Temporal lobe epilepsy

• Brain tumors

• Use of psycho-active drugs

• It is seen as an initial symptom in EBV infection or Epstein Barr virus infection, which causes infectious mononucleosis, also called ‘mono’ or 'glandular fever' or 'mono'.

• No clinical trials or studies are available that demonstrate any association between gender, age, or race and Alice in Wonderland Syndrome causes

• Also, Alice in Wonderland Syndrome is thought to be comparatively commoner among young children.

• It also appears that AIWS is a common experience at sleep onset.

It is vital to understand that Alice in Wonderland Syndrome is an interruption or impairment of perception rather than a physiological alternation in the body's systems. The diagnosis of the condition is presumed, when other physical causes have been ruled out, and if the person demonstrates the clinical features along with migraine and / or the other causes.

Only a small minority of the medical professionals have heard of the syndrome. Experts say that the Alice in Wonderland Syndrome is in all probability seen as an interesting side effect to other diseases, as mentioned above in the causes.